Authors: MAJ Timothy M. Benedict, PhD, DPT, SP USA; CPT Patrick G. Keenan, DPT, PT; Arthur J. Nitz, PhD, PT; Tobias Moeller-Bertram, MD, PhD, MS
Continuing Education Information
This continuing education activity is provided through a collaboration between AMSUS and AffinityCE. This activity provides continuing education credit for physicians, physician assistants, nurses, nurse practitioners, psychologists, health care executives and pharmacists, as well as providing a statement of participation for other attendees.
1. Identify the negative health outcomes when a Veteran has co-morbid PTSD and pain compared to a Veteran with only pain, including increased pain, disability, pain catastrophizing, sleep disturbance, and healthcare utilization, lower function and self-efficacy.
2. Review how PTSD may contribute to these negative health outcomes, including increased hypervigilance, symptoms become more threatening and disabling.
3. Review how depression may confound the contribution of PTSD towards negative health outcomes, including depression and PTSD frequently overlap with one another; in some studies where depression was controlled for, the impact of PTSD on negative health outcomes appeared to lessen.
4. Identify potential cognitive targets for therapy for individuals with co-morbid PTSD and pain, including self-efficacy, pain catastrophizing, and pain acceptance.
Authors have no relevant financial interests to disclose.
AffinityCE staff, AMSUS staff, planners, and reviewers have no relevant financial interests to disclose.